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What does left, right, center mean in Politics?
- February 24th, 2010 @ 03:01 PM
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How the "left" and "right" terms came about, I don't know. All I know is for someone to be considered left or right depends on the issue. For example, most conservatives (those on the right) are pro-life, while the liberal stance (those on the left) are more pro-choice.
You can go down the list and really determine what side of the issue someone is on.
if you are confused because of the broad-brush categories of "left" versus "right", don't worry, they are not well-defined anyway, and most people have a different understanding of them.
They can mean entirely different things in different countries. The US "center" is completely different than the Canadian or German "center", for example -- based on the stances of the respective parties in these countries.
And a one-dimensional spectrum (with "left" and "right" as extremes) is not suffient to explain the spectrum of political ideas anyway. There is a more complex model that tried to explain the political location on two axis, one for "economic left/right" and "social left/right".
The basic stances on that model are that economic left types prefer government intervention in the market, while the economic right favors free markets. The social left opposes authority and emphasizes individual freedom, the social right favors conformism, traditional social values and authority.
On this spectrum, it's possible that you are both economic and socially "right" (i.e. social conservatives opposed to gay marriage, abortion, etc and also in favor of free markets), or economic "right" but socially "left" (libertarians in favor of gay marriage and pro-choice, yet very pro-free market), or "left" on both economics and social questions (pro-choice, pro-gay marriage proponents of government intervention), or "left" on econimic issues, yet "right" on social issues (communists, in favor of strong state controls on economy and yet very authoritarian on social issues, against freedom of speach and individual freedom).
So "left" and "right" are really very relative labels.
There is a political spectrum. Those on the left are referred to as Liberals, and those on the right are referred to as conservatives. A moderate is a mixed bag of both sides or someone who does not strongly favor one issue one way or another.
Our "right" party, the Christian Dems, don't question the compromise that has been made on abortion in the 70s anymore, that abortion is legal within the first 3 months, but illegal thereafter. And they are not against gay civil unions anymore either. Their difference to the "left" is that they believe nuclear energy should be continued, while the left wants to stop it.
And the economically most "right" party in Germany (fiscally conservatives in favor of spending cuts on welfare and tax cuts, and extremely opposed to state intervention in the market) are the libertarian Free Democrats, who are, on the other hand, extremely pro-queer and pro-choice, as well as pro-drug legalization. And, oh the irony, they are called "liberals" over here.
Compared to the US, our competition between "left" and "right" would be more like the left and right wing of the Democrats in the US. Our conservatives are much like the right wing of the US Dems, while our left-leaning people are much like the left wing of the US Dems.
In addition to that, we have an extreme-left party that's way more left-leaning than anything you get in America (the Left Party, which has won 11.9% in the last election), and a neo-Nazi party that's economically rather pro-state, but socially about as right-wing as extreme Reps (with only 1.5% of the votes in the last election).
Last edited by Sim; February 24th, 2010 at 04:47 PM.. Reason: Automerged Doublepost
|center, left, politics|
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